CRIMINAL  PROCEDURE CODE 1973

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CONTENTS

   

1.First Information Report  

•Bailable and Non-bailable Offences. 

•Cognizable and Non-Cognizable Offences   

•Complaint 

• Compoundable Offences 

• Police Station, Police Report, Police Diary

2 Criminal Courts    

1. Classes of Criminal Courts 

2. Executive Magistrates 

3. Public Prosecutor and APP

3.Maintenance of wife and children 

                                    

4.Confession 

                                                                       

5. Double Jeopardy 

                                                               

6.Investigation         

1, Investigation, Inquiry and Trial  

2. Powers and duties of a Police Officer on receipt of FIR

7. Offenders             

1. Approver

2. First offenders

3. Habitual offender 

4.Juvenile offenders

5 Proclaimed offender

   

 

8.Search & Arrest      

1. Search Warrant  

2. Search how made

3. Arrest without warrant 

4. Arrest by a private person 

5. Arrest how made

 

 9.Preventive  Provisions    

1. Urgent Cases of Nuisance 

2. Disputes as to land or water

  

10. Bail & Bond                   

1. Bail 

2. Bail in Non-Bailable Cases  

3. Anticipatory Bail

 

11. Charge   

1.Charge                                                                           

2. Joinder of Charger   

 

12.Trials                      

1. The trials in the Cr. P.C.

2. Sessions Trial  

3. Warrant Case Trial

4. Summons Case Trial  

5. Summary Case Trial 

6. Irregular Proceedings 

7. DeNovo Trial 

8. Summons case and warrant case 

9. Discharge and Acquittal

 

13.Limitation               

14. Additional Topics   

1. Exceptions 

2. Remand 

3. Security 

4. Death Sentence 

5. Reference 

6. Revision  

7.Accused 

 

—  Name, Title

Environmental Law 

UNIT-1

CONCEPT OF ENVIRONMENT & POLLUTION

  • Meaning & Definition of Environment

  • Ecology, Biomes, Biosphere, Ecosystem12

  • Ecology

  • History of Ecology

  • Environment Concept of environment

  • Components of Environment

  • Levels of Organizations In Ecology

  • Eco-System '

  • Difference between Ecology, Environment & Ecosystem'

  • Components of Ecosystem

  • Abiotic Components

  • Biotic Components

  • Classification of Eco System

  • Characteristics of Ecotone

  • Niche

  • Types of Niche

  • Biome

  • Biosphere

  • Relationship Between Man & Environment

  • Environment Problems & Issues In India

  • Rationale Behind Environmental Laws

  • Global Environment Problems

  • Acid Rain

  • Ozone Depletion ("Ozone Hole")

  • Greenhouse Effect (Global Warming)

  • Genetic Engineering

  • Precautionary Principle.

  • Polluter Pays Principle

  • The doctrine of Public Trust

  • Sustainable Development

  • Kinds, Causes & Effects of Pollution
     

UNIT-3

ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS

  • Water Pollution

  • Water (Prevention & Control Of Pollution) Act, 1974

  • Constitution of the Boards

  • Functions of Boards

  • Powers of the Central Board

  • Powers of A State Board

  • Amendments in 1988

  • The Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 Definitions

  • Powers & Functions of Boards Prevention & Control of Water Pollution Prohibition on. Use of Stream Or Well For Disposal of Polluting Matter, Etc.

  • Power of Board To Make Application To Courts For Restraining Apprehended Pollution of Water in Streams Or Wells.

  • Penalties & Procedure Offences by Companies.

  • Air Pollution /Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1981 Powers & Functions of Boards

  • Functions of Central Board

  • Hunting of Wild Animals

  • Prohibition of Hunting

  • Sanctuaries, National Park & Closed Areas

  • Sanctuaries                                                                                                           

  • National Parks                                                                                                      

  • Closed Area                                                                                                          

  • Declaration of Closed Area.

  • Central Zoo Authority & Recognition of Zoos                                              

  • Constitution of Central Authority.                                                                   

  • Functions of the Authority.                                                                                

  • Trade or Commerce in Wild Animals, Animal Articles & Trophies

  • Wild Animal, Etc. To Be Government Property.

  • Certificate of Ownership.                                                                                   

  • Regulation of Transfer of Animal Etc.                                                            

  • Suspension or Calculation of Licence.                                                            

  • Appeal.

  • Restriction of Transportation of Wildlife.                                                    

  • Purchase of Captive Animal, Etc. Person Other Than A Licensee.

  • The Prevention Of Cruelty To Animals Act, 1960

  • National Environment Tribunal

  • The National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997

UNIT-2 COMMON LAW REMEDIES AGAINST POLLUTION

  • General Legislation on Environment

  • Remedies for Public Nuisance

  • Law of Tort & Environment

  • Strict Liability & Absolute Liability

  • Strict Liability Rule In Rylands V Fletcher Absolute Liability

  • (Rule In M.C. Mehta V Union Of India)

  • Nuisance

  • Negligence

  • Law of Crimes & Environment

  • Section 133 ofCr.P.C

  • Noise Pollution

  • Noise Pollution (Regulation & Control)

  • Rules, 2000

  • Measures To Curb Noise Pollution

UNIT - 4 

CONSTITUTION OF INDIA & ENVIRONMENT

Articles 48 (A) & 51 (A) (G)

Right to Equality
Right to Profession
Right to Wholesome Environment
Constitutional Remedies

Writ Jurisdiction

Locus Standi

Alternate Remedy

Laches

Public Interest Litigation (PIL)