ENVIRONMENTAL LAW -MCQ

(Multiple Choice Questions)


1.The document is known as “Magna Carta” for efforts taken in form of conference on international level :

(a) The Stockholm conference

(b) The Rio conference

(c) The Johanesburg conference

(d) United Nations Millennium


2.The Central Government has issued the BioMedical Waste Rules in the year :

(a) 2000 (b) 1998 (c) 2003 (d) 2007


3.The Ramsar Convention deals with the conservation of :

(a) wet lands

(b) endangered species of birds

(c) endangered species of wild animals

(d) none of the above


4.Earth Summit means :

(a) Biodiversity Convention 1992

(b) Kyoto Protocol 1997

(c) Johanesburg Convention 2002

(d) None of the above


5. M.C. Mehta vs. Kamal Nath [(1997) ISCC 388] deals with :

(a) Right to wholesome environment

(b) Precautionary Principle

(c) Public Trust Doctrine

(d) None of the above


6.Under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 the State Government can not appoint :

(a) Chief Wildlife Warden

(b) Wild Life Warden

(c) Director of Wildlife Preservation

(d) All of the above


7. Under Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, member of the boards other than Member Secretary can hold office for a term of :

(a) 5 years

(b) 2 years

(c) 3 years

(d) 4 years


8. Supreme Court opined that there is no reason to compel non-smokers to be helpless victims of air pollution in the case of :

(a) M.C. Mehta vs. Union of India

(b) Murli Deora vs. Union of India

(c) Krishna Gopal vs. State of M.P.

(d) Nyamadevi vs. State of Kerala


9.The following is not a green-house gas :

(a) Sulphur-di-oxide

(b) Chloro fluoro carbon

(c) Methane

(d) Carbon-di-oxide


10. In 1987, Montreal protocol was signed for which of the following reasons ?

(a) To ban nuclear testing in tropical oceans

(b) To phase out the use of CFCs found to be causing depletion of ozone layer

(c) To stop global trade in products made from endangered species

(d) All of the above


11. Who establishes National Parks and Sanctuaries ?

(a) Government

(b) Public Companies

(c) Non-Government Organizations

(d) None of the above


12. The World Environmental Day is celebrated on :

(a) 16th September

(b) 12th March

(c) 10th October

(d) 5th June


13. The Rio conference was taken in the year :

(a) 1972

(b) 1982

(c) 1992

(d) 2002


14.The doctrine of strict liability has its origin in the case :

(a) Union Carbide Corporation vs. Union of India

(b) Rylands vs. Fletcher

(c) M.C. Mehta vs. U.O.I.

(d) None of the above


15. The most essential requirement for life is :

(a) Hydrosphere

(b) Atmosphere

(c) Lithosphere

(d) None of the above



16.Kyoto protocol was adopted in the year ______ .

(a) 1996 (b) 1997 (c) 1992 (d) 2002


17.National Green Tribunal is constituted in the year _________ .

(a) 2010 (b) 2009 (c) 2011 (d) 2012


18.Stockholm Declaration contains ________ .

(a) 7 Truths and 26 principles

(b) 7 Truths and 27 principles

(c) 26 principles

(d) 8 Truths and 26 principles


19.Ozone Layer is found in _________ .

(a) Troposphere (b) Stratosphere (c) Mesosphere (d) Ionosphere


20.The term Environment is defined under section ____ of the Environment Protection Act 1986

(a) 2(a) (b) 2(b) (c) 2(aa) (d) 2(c)


21. CZMP stands for _______ .

(a) Coastal Zone Management Plan

(b) Coastal Zone Mitigation Plan

(c) Coastal Zone Management Program

(d) Coastal Zone Management and Protection


22. The Forest (Conservation) Act was enacted in the year ______ .

(a) 1980 (b) 1987 (c) 1988 (d) 1990


23. Article ______ of the Indian Constitution deals with protection of monuments and places and objects of National Importance :

(a) 48-A (b) 49 (c) 50 (d) 47


24. Making atmosphere noxious to health is an offence punishable under _______ of the Indian Penal Code.

(a) Section 278 (b) Section 277 (c) Section 276 (d) Section 275


25.The strict liability is also known as _______ .

(a) Absolute liability (b) Vicarious Liability (c) No fault Liability (d) None of the above


26.Supreme Court has traced the Right to wholesome environment in _______ .

(a) Article 21 (b) Article 21(A) (c) Article 48-A (d) Article 14


27._______ of the Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 deals with conditional order for removal of public Nuisance :

(a) Section 133 (b) Section 134 (c) Section 144 (d) Section 136


28.The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act was enacted in the year ______ .

(a) 1960 (b) 1961 (c) 1970 (d) 1980


29. _______ is popularly known as the Green Judge of India :

(a) Justice P.N. Bhagwati

(b) Justice R. Mishra

(c) Justice Kuldeep Singh

(d) Justice V.R. Krishna Jyer


30.The Public Liability Insurance Act is enacted in ________ .

(a) 1990 (b) 1991 (c) 2000 (d) 2001.


31. ___________ is a balancing concept between ecology and the development and has been accepted as a part of customary international law.

(a) Economic development

(b) Sustainable development

(c) Ecological development

(d) None of the above.


32. The Noise Pollution Control Rules have been issued by Central Government in the year

__________ .

(a) 2000 (b) 2002 (c) 2006 (d) 2008


33.The principle of polluter pays is derived in the case of _____________ .

(a) Calcutta tanneries case (b) Murli Deora-v-Union of India

(c) Oleum gas leak case(d) Krishna Gopal-vs-State of M.P.


34. Man and Biosphere programme was launched by ______________ .

(a) WHO (b) UNO (c) UNESCO (d) UNEP


35.The wildlife conservation strategy has been adopted by India in the year ____________ .

(a) 2000 (b) 2002 (c) 2004 (d) 2006


36.Which of the following convention is related to conservation of migratory species of wild animals ?

(a) Nairobi (b) Rio (c) Bonn (d) Kyoto


37.Article 48-A of the Constitution is specially inserted for _______________ .

(a) Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry

(b) Protection of monuments

(c) Raising the level of nutrition

(d) Protection and improvement of environment.


38.Kyoto protocol is related to _____________ .

(a) Ozone depletion (b) Global warming (c) Acid rain (d) Climate change


39.The Stockholm Declaration contains _____________ principles.

(a) 26 (b) 28 (c) 29 (d) 30


40.According to Noise Pollution Rules 2000, the permissible noise limit in silence zone is

__________ dB.

(a) 45 (b) 55 (c) 75 (d) 50


41.The word nuisance is derived from French word ______________ .

(a) Nuise (b) Nurie (c) Nuis (d) Nurum


42.Doctrine of Public Trust is evolved in the case of ____________ .

(a) M.C. Mehta-vs-Union of India

(b) Muncipal Council of Ratlam-vs-Vardichand

(c) M.C. Mehta-vs-Kamalnath

(d) Hinchlal Tiwari-vs-Kamla Devi


43. The Water Act was enacted in the year ___________ .

(a) 1971 (b) 1972 (c) 1974 (d) 1976


44. Biodiversity means _______________ .

(a) Economic diversity

(b) In-situ conservation

(c) Ex-situ conservation

(d) Diversity of flora and fauna.


45.The Environment Protection Act was enacted in the year ______________ .

(a) 1988 (b) 1986 (c) 1991 (d) 1987


46.On which date the World Environment Day is celebrated world-wide ?

(a) 8 March (b) 5 June (c) 11 July (d) 16 October


47.Who represented India at the Human Environment Conference at Stockholm in 1972 ?

(a) Indira Gandhi (b) Jawaharlal Nehru (c) Lal Bahadur Shastri (d) Rajiv Gandhi


48.The doctrine of “Absolute Liability” was laid down in the case of :

(a) M.C. Mehta vs. Union of India (b) Rylands vs Fletcher (c) Donoghue vs. Sterenson

(d) Both (a) and (b)


49. _____ means that the absolute liability for harm to the Environment extends not only tocompensate the victims of pollution but also the cost of restoring the environmental degradation.

(a) Precautionary Principle (b) Polluter pays Principle

(c) Vicarious Liability (d) None of the above


50. Indian Forest Act was passed in the year ______.

(a) 1972 (b) 1927 (c) 1942 (d) 1938


51. How many principles were enacted under Rio-Declaration held in 1992 ?

(a) 21 (b) 25 (c) 27 (d) 31


52. Who establishes the National Parks and Sanctuaries ?

(a) Government (b) Non-Government Organization (c) Public Companies (d) Either (a) or (b)


53. Which of the following is essential element of the Rule of ‘Strict Liability’ ?

(a) Escape of thing from defendants’ land

(b) Non-natural use of land

(c) Both (a) and (b)

(d) Neither (a) nor (b)


54.The outer layer of atmosphere protecting earth from ultraviolet rays of the sun is called

______.

(a) Chlorofluro carbon (b) Ozone layer

(c) Troposphere (d) Stratosphere


55. ‘EIA’ stands for :

(a) Environmental Initiatives for Awareness

(b) Environmental Institute for Awareness

(c) Environmental Impact Assessment

(d) Environmental Internal Audit


56.The Biological Diversity Act was passed in the year ______.

(a) 1998 (b) 2000 (c) 2002 (d) 2005


57. “Every Generation is under an obligation to reserve its natural and cultural heritage for enjoyment of the future generations.” This doctrine is called :

(a) Sustainable development (b) Polluter pays principle

(c) Inter-Generational Sanity (d) Precautionary principle


58.Which of the following appears to contribute to global cooling rather than global

warming ?

(a) Nitrous oxide (b) Aerosols (c) Methans (d) Chloroflurocarbons


59. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is mandatory under which one of the followingIndian legislations ?

(a) Indian Forest Act

(b) Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act

(c) Wildlife Protection Act

(d) Environment (Protection) Act


60. The Wildlife (Protection) Act contains :

(a) 7 Chapters (b) 6 Chapters(c) 5 Chapters (d) 8 Chapters