Agenda 21 was a major outcome of the summit. It is a blueprint for ecologically safe development up to 2000 and beyond. It covers issues like transfer of environment-friendly technology, environmental awareness, and integrated approach to land resource use, checking desertiﬁcation and peaceful use of nuclear energy, but makes no mention of who would bear the costs. Agenda 21 is grouped the seven central themes - the quality of life on earth, eﬃcient use of earth's natural resources, the protection of global the management of human settlements, chemicals and management of waste, sustainable economic growth, and implementation. UN panel on the environment: It was decided to establish a new panel within the UN to assess the environmental impact of the lending by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, and to oversee the implementation of Agenda 21 itself. It was also decided to set up a Sustainable Development Commission to monitor the implementation of Agenda 21.
Commons, Biodiversity Treaty: This is a treaty to protect the endangered species of the world. It was signed by 153 nations and took effect on December 29, 1993, after ratiﬁcation. It aims to establish a global partnership for the protection of natural resources with the recognition of the sovereign rights of States over their resources. It is a legally binding agreement.