Q.1 What are the important rules of a goods precis-writing ?

Rules of precis - writing-some pupil think that precis-writing is very simpie. and one can easly write in precision by cutting thewords or phrases. This view is quite wrong und hamful. Every lawyer should adopt the best nulesof precis-writing. The law student should practice such rules since the beginning of his studies some of the important nules of a good precis-writing are given hereunder.

1) The Central idea - The student should read passage, moving along at a good brisk pace with the dominating aim of extractirg from the material the gist, the central idea, the general point that the author is making He should mobilize himself to get into the material thinking along with the author, sensing the author's organisation of idea and demanding constantly from the selection. The details make more sense, are more efficiantly understood and more easily remembered, when the student is armed with a knowledge of the Central idea.

2) Reading- A much more important rule of pirecis-writing is that the student must read the

passage with elficient reading. He should read the passage one or more times There is much

importance to readirng in the pleadings. There are certain legal maxims showing the impotanceof reading "Nemo enim aliquam partem recte intelligere poss it antequam totum eterum atqueiterumperle gerit. (Max)." No one is able rightly to understand one part before he has againand again read through the whole .

Partem aliquamI recte intelligere poss it an tequam tatumiterum atque iterum perlegent" (Max)." No onie can rightly understood any part until he has read the whole over and Over again. "Nemo enim allquam partem recte intalligere possit antequamtotum eterum atque iterum perlegerit (Max)" No one can understend the significance of a part of a writing until he has read the whole again and again "Quod non legitur , non creditiur What isnot read is not believed These legal maxims show the importance of reading. Just reading is not sufficient. The student must involve with the matter. If necessary he must read the passage who times or more, until he gains the confidence and complete understanding. Efficient reading coriveys the terms Main idea central theme, cantral thought, main points etc. of the passage to the reader it also doveiops strong intellectual curiosity in the subject.

3) Wishing is not sutficient, there must be will - Thare is a lot of difterence in between wishing'and will' when the student pays full attention it is called will' it he does not pay full attention, and pays a mere attention, it is called wishing

4) Concentration- Concentration is more important. Concentration in reading and consisting

as in any other activity, consists of such deop, active, and purposetul involvement that inner

distractions can not occur, mind wandering is eliminated, and the external world might as well as for the time being the completely non-existent .

5) Repeated terms - In some passages the tems are repeated. In precis-writing repetition of

such terms should not occur A realization that concise is not directly concerned with words, or even phrases but anly with ideas.

6) Minor details - A realization that main ideas are more important than minor details. Leave such minor details. )

7) Own comments - It is advised to avoid your own comments inprecis-writing. You must go according to the main ideas of the author.

8) Cogency - Cogency meanis "oonvincing" the precision must be cogent with the original. It

should not detract from its original ideas.

9) Number of words in precis-writing - There is not water-tight rule in fixing the number of wordsin precis-writing. However, it is always preferred to have precis- writing in one-third from itsoriginal passage.

10) Grammar - Acquiring English grammar is an assentiai point in translationof passages from regional language to English, precis-writing pleadings, arguments, etc. Bad grammar reduces the marks. It spolls the cogendy.

11) Indirect speech - in precis-wnting, direct speech should not ba used. Indirect speech is

preferred in precision.

12) Clarity The precision must possess clarity, A good precis must possess all the important

ideas in the original passage

13) Practice - "Practice makes a man pertect". "Remember the proverb, Rome is not buit in a day.You can acquire skilliness in every subject including precis-writing, pleading etc. by dning regular practice. It will be helpful you not only in examinations, but also in your future career.

14) Writing In writing the examinations, the student, has no time and opportunity to make a

draft of concis. He has not prepare sentences in his mind, and correct them in his brain, and

then only he has to put them an paper. However, while in practicing a home, he can prepare a draft. He can make altemation or add new appropriate worde in the draft, and he can make a final.concision.

15) Exercises I have given only exercise in this book keeping in view of the number of pages

increasing. There are several grammar books in the market, such as wren and Martin High

School Grammar, Intermediate Grammar, etc. In each d them, there are several exercises. We advise the students to do such exercises, and compare with the solutions given in those books.

16) Title if there is title in the original passage, the student may lightly alter it o retain it. If thereis no title, he is advised to give an attractive, meaningful appropria and suitable title.

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