COGNIZABLE AND NON-COGNIZABLE OFFENCE
Cognizable offence sec 2(C)
MEANING -cognizable able to be apprehended
defination sec 2(C) cognizable offence means an offence for which and means a case in which a police officer may in accordance with the first schedule or under any other law for the time being in force arrest without warrant .
section 154 cr.p.c provides that the police officer has to receives FIR relating to cognizable offence without magistrate 's permission and enters it in gernal diary and immediatly starts investigation
· It is the offence in which a police officer can arrest the convict without the warrant.
· The police can start a preliminary investigation without the permission of the court or without registering the FIR.
· These are heinous crimes like murder, rape, dowry death etc.
· The victim can file an FIR or make a complaint to the magistrate.
· It is defined in the Section 2(c) of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973.
· The police officer is bound to register the FIR even without the permission of Magistrate.
It is a non-bailable offence.
Non-Cognizable section 2 (1)
·Meaning non cognizaable not able to be apprehended
define section 2(1) non cognizable offence means an offence for which and non cognizable cases means a case in which a police officer has no authority to arrest without warrent .
It is the offence in which a police officer cannot arrest a person without the warrant.
· The police officer cannot start the investigation without the permission of the court.
· These crimes are not so serious like forgery, cheating, defamation etc.
· The victim can only make a complaint to the magistrate.
· It is defined in Section 2(I) of Criminal Procedure Code 1973.
· The police officer is not bound to register the FIR or Cannot register the FIR without prior permission of the magistrate.
It is a bailable offence.