COGNIZABLE AND NON-COGNIZABLE OFFENCE

Cognizable offence sec 2(C)

  • MEANING -cognizable able to be apprehended

  • defination sec 2(C) cognizable offence  means an offence for which and means a case in which a police officer may in accordance with the first schedule or under any other law for the time being in force arrest without warrant . 

  • section 154 cr.p.c provides that the police officer has to receives FIR relating to cognizable offence without magistrate 's permission and enters it  in gernal diary and immediatly starts investigation 

  • · It is the offence in which a police officer can arrest the convict without the warrant.

  • · The police can start a preliminary investigation without the permission of the court or without registering the FIR.

  • · These are heinous crimes like murder, rape, dowry death etc.

  • · The victim can file an FIR or make a complaint to the magistrate.

  • · It is defined in the Section 2(c) of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973.

  • · The police officer is bound to register the FIR even without the permission of Magistrate.

  • It is a non-bailable offence.

Non-Cognizable section 2 (1) 

  • ·Meaning non cognizaable not able to be apprehended 

  • define section 2(1) non cognizable offence means an offence for which and non cognizable cases means a case in which a police officer has no authority to arrest without warrent . 

  •  It is the offence in which a police officer cannot arrest a person without the warrant.

  • · The police officer cannot start the investigation without the permission of the court.

  • · These crimes are not so serious like forgery,  cheating, defamation etc.

  • · The victim can only make a complaint to the  magistrate.

  • · It is defined in Section 2(I) of Criminal Procedure  Code 1973.

  • · The police officer is not bound to register the FIR or Cannot register the FIR without prior permission of the magistrate.

  • It is a bailable offence.

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